This tool provides the complete conjugation in all moods, tenses, and persons for over 13,000 verbs in spanish.
Certain verb conjugations can be puzzling, both in their form and spelling. To avoid making mistakes when conjugating verbs, this tool allows searching for an infinitive and obtaining its full conjugation.
How are verbs conjugated?
Conjugated verbs are those that vary based on tense, mood, grammatical person, and number:
- Tense. It indicates when the action takes place, which may be past, present or future, depending on whether the action is prior, simultaneous or subsequent to the moment of speech.
- Mood. It reflects the way in which the speaker perceives the action. The three moods in Spanish are indicative (used for actions, processes, or states that the speaker considers real), subjunctive (used for actions, processes, or states that the speaker deems possible, unreal, or probable), and imperative (used to express commands, requests, and advice).
- Person. It marks who performs the action, and may be first person (yo, nosotros, nosotras), second (tú, vos, usted, ustedes, vosotros, vosotras), or third (él, ella, ellos, ellas).
- Number. It relates to the grammatical person and indicates the number of individuals who perform the action. It may be singular (yo, tú, vos, usted, él, ella) or plural (nosotros, nosotras, ustedes, vosotros, vosotras, ellos, ellas).
Roots and verb endings
Verbs are comprised of a root or stem (which conveys meaning and identifies an action, process, or state) and a desinence or ending (which provides grammatical information, i.e. tense, mood, person, and number). Based on this, verbs are divided into:
- Regular verbs. They are conjugated in the same way as model verbs (amar, temer, partir) and do not suffer alterations in their root or ending. For example: cantar, correr, decidir.
- Irregular verbs. They do not follow the conjugation of model verbs, suffering alterations in their root, ending, or in both. For example: ser, estar, ir.
Verboides (verboides) are the non-personal forms of the verb, i.e. those forms that are not inflected for tense, mood, person, or number. These are the infinitive, participle, and gerund:
- Infinitivo (infinitive). It is the form that gives the name to verbs, and is characterized by its ending, which can be -ar, -er, -ir (first, second, and third conjugation, respectively). It shares characteristics with nouns. For example: amar, temer, partir.
- Participio (participle). Used in passive voice and compound tenses, its ending is typically -ado or -ido (with variations in gender and number). It shares characteristics with adjectives. For example: amado, temido, partido.
- Gerundio (gerund). It indicates the development of an action or simultaneity and is usually used in verb phrases. Its ending may be -ando, -endo or -iendo. It shares characteristics with adverbs. For example: amando, temiendo, partiendo.